Develop a model based on evidence of Earth's interior to describe the cycling of matter by thermal convection.
One of the most frightening and destructive phenomena of nature is a severe earthquake and its terrible aftereffects. An earthquake is a sudden movement of the Earth, caused by the abrupt release of strain that has accumulated over a long time. For hundreds of millions of years, the forces of plate tectonics have shaped the Earth as the huge plates that form the Earth's surface slowly move over, under and past each other. Sometimes the movement is gradual. At other times, the plates are locked together, unable to release the accumulating energy. When the accumulated energy grows strong enough, the plates break free. If the earthquake occurs in a populated area, it may cause many deaths and injuries and extensive property damage.
Learn about the Earth's magnetic poles and paleomagnetism in this activity from Consortium for Ocean Leadership.
The following activity can leverage SeisMac technology to help students understand how a seismometer records ground motions.